Perinatal brain injuries are suffered by an infant in the time right before or immediately following birth. Our Neonatal Neurology Program works closely with a comprehensive team of neonatal specialists to take extra special care of children born with serious brain conditions.
The most common is perinatal hypoxia, a deficiency of oxygen to the brain tissue before and after birth that causes a baby to stop breathing.
HIE is a type of brain damage that often leads to other complications like developmental or cognitive delays and disabilities, and motor impairments as the child gets older.
Other medical conditions associated with perinatal hypoxia include:
- Cerebral palsy (CP): a neurological disorder due to a non-progressive brain injury that occurs while a child’s brain is still developing
- Severe seizures
- Behavioral disorders
There are a number of reasons that a child does not get an adequate amount of oxygen at birth, the most common including:
- Maternal smoking
- Maternal anemia, or iron deficiency during pregnancy
- Traumatic brain injury suffered during childbirth
- Inadequate fetal monitoring
- Umbilical cord issues such as a prolapse (when the umbilical cord emerges before the fetus during birth), or pinching leading to a disruption in oxygen flow
- Placental abruption (when the placenta detaches from the uterus, interrupting the flow of oxygen to the fetus)